There’s a distinct difference between Voice Over and Dubbing, even though there is an overlap in terms of skills needed. While scrolling through Instagram and Twitter, I see that the term Voice Over is used differently in Tamil Nadu than in other parts of the world. I put this down to our own unique way of using the English Language, and our fondness for giving it a local flavour. How are we using this term differently? More and more, people are using the term “Voice Over” instead of using the term “Voice Dubbing” or “Dubbing”, and vice versa (strangely enough). To me, that’s odd, but if the person using these terms interchangeably knows what the other means, then maybe it’s just a slip-up. You see, I am a voice over artist who often gets asked if he does ‘dubbing’ and I’m not always sure whether they actually mean ‘dubbing’ until I ask a bit more. Let’s give them the benefit of the doubt, and let’s move on to clarifying the differences between Voice Over and Dubbing in this article.
Differences Between Voice Over & Dubbing
Voice Over is actually very different from Voice Dubbing (aka dubbing). Voice-Over means a voice that is used over a background ‘bed’ of music. It could be in the context of a video, where the voice would describe and inform the viewer about what’s happening, or it could just be in audio only. Dubbing is also called post-synchronization, is the art of recording audio in sync with an actor’s lip movements or replacing an existing voice with another voice in a different language.
For example: many of Jackie Chan’s movies that we watched while growing up were actually not filmed in English. The same goes for the famous “spaghetti westerns”. These movies were originally released in the Chinese language (most likely Mandarin) and Italian respectively but were dubbed into English and other languages so that the movies could be enjoyed in many other countries.
|Definition||Voice Over involves adding a voice narrative to a media piece without replacing the original audio. It’s often used for documentaries, news reports, commercials, and e-learning modules.||Dubbing involves replacing the original audio with a new language track, matching the lip movements and expressions of the characters. It’s commonly used in movies, TV shows, and animated content.|
|Synchronization||Synchronization with on-screen visuals is generally not required. The voice-over is often independent of the specific actions or lip movements in the video.||High level of synchronization is needed. The voice actors must match their spoken words to the lip movements and physical actions of the original characters.|
|Purpose||Used to provide additional information, commentary, or narrative to the existing audio-visual content.||Used to translate and adapt audio-visual content into different languages while retaining the original context and performance style.|
|Visibility of Original Audio||Original audio is often still audible in the background, or the voice-over may occur during silent segments.||Original audio is completely replaced by the dubbed audio. The goal is to make it seem as if the content was originally produced in the dubbed language.|
|Examples||News reports with a voice-over describing events, educational videos explaining concepts while showing related visuals.||Foreign films or TV shows translated and dubbed into local languages, animated movies dubbed for international audiences.|
|Technical Complexity||Generally less complex, as it doesn’t require precise timing to match lip movements.||More complex, requiring voice actors to accurately sync their speech with the characters’ mouth movements and expressions.|
|Emotional Context||The emotional tone in voice-over is more narrative and informative.||In dubbing, the emotional tone needs to closely match the original performance to maintain the integrity of the scene.|
Infrastructure For Voiceovers & Dubbing
To record voiceovers, or for dubbing, the infrastructural requirements are mostly the same… It starts with a sound-proofed and sound-treated space. One that doesn’t echo the artist’s voice, or allow external sounds in… Next, a sensitive condenser microphone, preamp/audio interface, recording software, and other plugins to master the recording as needed… Finally, a microphone stand and a pop filter complete the basics.
Dubbing work requires similar equipment as voice over work, but with additional considerations for synchronization and lip-matching. A professional dubbing studio typically has specialized software and hardware to aid in the dubbing process, such as a video player that can be slowed down or paused to match the timing of the original performance. Dubbing actors may also use specialized software to adjust the timing, pitch, or inflection of their voice to match the original performance.
Hardware used in dubbing includes a computer or laptop, and an optional footswitch for hands-free recording.
Software used in dubbing includes Avid Pro Tools or Adobe Audition for audio recording and editing, video playback software, such as VLC Media Player or Quicktime, and plugins or software for time stretching, pitch shifting, or noise reduction to help match the original performance. Dubbing studios may also use specialized equipment, such as a video dubber, which allows the actor to watch the original video on a screen while recording their lines.
In addition to these tools, dubbing actors often work with a team of professionals, including a director, translator, and engineer, to ensure the final product meets the highest standards of quality and accuracy.
Voice Over: Enhancing Visual Storytelling
Let’s start with voiceovers. Voiceover is the process of recording a voice-over artist‘s performance, and then integrating that performance into a pre-existing video or audio production. The voice over artist typically speaks over footage that has already been filmed, providing commentary or narration to enhance the visual storytelling. This technique is often used in documentaries, commercials, and promotional videos.
The Skill of a Voice Over Artist
A skilled voice over artist must be able to interpret and perform a script in a way that enhances the video or audio production without overshadowing it. At times, they must also be able to deliver their lines in sync with the timing and pacing of the existing footage. Good voice-over actors have excellent vocal control, clarity of speech, and the ability to convey the right tone and emotion to match the mood of the video or audio.
Dubbing: Replacing Original Dialogue with New Dialogue
Next… dubbing. Dubbing involves replacing the original dialogue in a video or audio production with new dialogue that has been recorded in a different language or by different actors. Dubbing is often used in foreign films or television shows that are being shown in a new market, where the original language is not spoken. It requires actors to match the lip movements of the original performers, as well as to convey the same emotion and tone. If you thought that Voice Over was challenging, then the skill needed for flawless dubbing is even more challenging.
The Skill of a Dubbing Artist
Dubbing actors need to be skilled at performing under the constraints of matching lip movements, which often involves making subtle adjustments to the timing, pitch, and inflection of their voice. They also need to be able to convey the same emotion, tone, and intent as the original actor, while making the necessary adjustments for cultural and linguistic differences.
In conclusion, both voice-over and dubbing require skilled voice actors and high-quality equipment and software. They are used in different contexts and require different skills. Voice-over actors need to be able to enhance the visual storytelling and deliver their lines in sync with the pacing and timing of the video or audio. Dubbing actors need to be able to match the lip movements and convey the same emotion and tone as the original performer, while making adjustments for cultural and linguistic differences.
Finding The Right Artist for The Job
Whether you need voice over or dubbing services, it’s important to work with a professional who has the skills, experience, and equipment necessary to deliver high-quality results. Look for a voice actor and dubbing studio with a track record of success in the industry, and be sure to discuss your specific needs and requirements before beginning any project.
Voice over & Dubbing are two different things, for different projects, and different needs. By understanding the differences between these two skills, you can make an informed decision that will help you achieve your goals, and to connect with your audience in the most effective way possible.
Susheel C is a voice over artist skilled at his craft. He has a fully-equipped, broadcast quality studio ready to deliver high quality audio recordings for voice overs. If you need an English Voice Over, connect with Susheel C at +91-99620-28747 or contact him here.